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Mango

The mango tree, Magifera Indica, is an evergreen tree which is believed to originate from the rainforests of south and Southeast Asia (Litz 1997, p 2).  It was not until the latter half of the 19th century when mangoes were introduced into Australia around the Bowen area in Queensland.

Mangoes can reach a height of over 30 metres and live for more than 100 years, but in an orchard situation trees are normally kept to a height of 3.5 to 4.5 metres and to about 40 years old.  Since the commercialisation of the mango, a number of varieties have been introduced into Australia.  According to Australian Mangoes (2009) the most successful of these is the Kensington Pride (also known as the Bowen) making up about 70% of all trees planted. Other varieties include;

Calypso, R2E2, Honey Gold, Palmer, Keitt, Kent, Pearl

On the world scale, the Australian mango industry is relatively insignificant.  However, production over the past decade has increased with forecasts predicted that domestic production will double within the next ten years, making it one of the major domestic horticultural crops in Australia (RIRDC 2010).

Table 1: Production of mangoes per state (RIRDC 2010)

NSW

NT

QLD

WA

Production per State (Tonnes)

108

11386

35236

2198

Percentage production per state

0.2

23.2

72.2

4.4

As stated in the introduction, most of Australia’s production is consumed domestically.  In fact according to RIDC (2010) during 2004 only 2430 tonnes of mangoes were exported out of Australia but we imported 3850 tonnes to meet the demand on supply.  Table two shows the availability of the mango by variety in Australia.

Table 2: Mango availability by variety fresh supply only (AMIA 2008)

Variety

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Kensington Pride

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

R2E2

X

X

X

X

Keitt

X

X

X

Kent

X

X

X

Palmer

X

X

X

Brooks

X

X

X

Calypso

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Honey Gold

X

X

X

X

X

Pearl

X

According to the RIRDC (2010) the first fruit to reach the markets is in late September and October sourced from the northern growing areas such as Darwin, Kununurra and Katherine, whilst the last fruit on the market is sourced from around Carnarvon in Western Australia.  Peak production period occurs in December January period.  As you can see from table 2, the down point in Australia’s production is the April to September period.  The assumption could be made that this would be when the majority of fruit is imported into Australia to fulfil a year round consumer supply.  Transversely the assumption can be made that the limited export from Australia would occur in the peak production period.

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